Types of Sod
Bahia grass is a good low input warm season lawn and pasture grass. Bahia can be easily maintained and provides a decent "medium utility" turf grass lawn for the southern states. Bahia grass requires a moderate amount of lawn care, maintenance and mowing. Bahia's blades are thin and green and have a soft somewhat soft texture. Common pests include grub worms, web worms, and mole crickets. Bahia grass is known for going dormant (turning brown in color) in the winter months and coming back again in th spring after the last frost. In order to prevent freeze damage to the roots, an application of witner rye is recommended.
High disease and insect resistance
Survives in a variety of soils from sandy to clays
Grows well in infertile soils
Withstands high traffic areas
Grows thick enough to compete with weeds
More drought resistant than other turf grasses
Prolific seed production during growing seasons
Not suitable for high shade areas
Goes dormant during winter months
Saint Augustine is a warm season lawn grass that is popular for use in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It is a fairly high maintenance grass that forms a thick, carpet-like lawn, crowding out most weeds and other grasses. It is a dark green grass with broad, flat blades. Saint Augustine is used primarily for lawns and does not tolerate high traffic as well as other turf grasses. After being established, Saint Augustine depends largely on management. Mowing, fertilization and supplemental watering are required to maintain a dense, green, weed-free turf. Common pests include chinch bugs, army worms, grubs, and web worms. Consistent and proper pest control regimens are required to maintain a healthy lawn. Common diseases include brown patch, gray leaf spot, rust, downy mildew, and many others. Most are caused by fungi and can be controlled with good management and fungicides.
High shade tolerance
High heat tolerance
Low cold tolerance
Zoysia grass is grown successfully from the upper North to even in some areas of the cool seasons zones, depending on variety. Zoysia grass, when properly maintained makes a beautiful lawn with a fine to medium textured leaf.
Adapts to a variety of soils
Tolerant to shade, salt and traffic
Slow growth results in reduced need to mow
Slow to establish
Heavy thatch which requires periodic renovation
Poor drought tolerance
Prone to damage from nematodes and other diseases
Shallow root system
Bermuda is one of the most sun loving warm season lawn and pasture grasses. Bermuda requires a moderate amount of lawn grass care, maintenance and mowing. Sodded areas should be water two or more times each day with 1/4in. of water until it is established (it not longer picks up when you pull on it.) Bermuda is also good for moderate traffic areas of the lawn.
Grows best in full sun
Medium to fine texture
Establishes rapidly and is able to out compete most weed species
Requires HIGH maintenance
Poor tolerance to insects, dieases and nematodes
Grows rapidly and can quickly overcome flower and landscape beds
Aggressive growth promotes thatch build up
Centipede is a low, medium textured, slow growing, but aggressive grass that can produce a dense, attractive, weed-free yard. It is more shade tolerant than Saint Augustine and Zoysia grass. In general, centipede grass is a low-maintenance grass that tends to grow best in acidic soils of the regions it is commonly found.
Grows well in full sun
Generally a low maintenance grass
Can tolerate moderate amounts of shade
Generally turns brown in hot and dry weather and goes dormant in the winter
Slow growth rate
Not a durable grass