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Types of Sod

Bahia

 Bahia grass is a good low input warm season lawn and pasture grass. Bahia can be easily maintained and provides a decent "medium utility" turf grass lawn for the southern states. Bahia grass requires a moderate amount of lawn care, maintenance and mowing. Bahia's blades are thin and green and have a soft somewhat soft texture. Common pests include grub worms, web worms, and mole crickets. Bahia grass is known for going dormant (turning brown in color) in the winter months and coming back again in th spring after the last frost. In order to prevent freeze damage to the roots, an application of witner rye is recommended.

      

Advantages Include:

 High disease and insect resistance

 Survives in a variety of soils from sandy to clays

Grows well in infertile soils

 Withstands high traffic areas

 Grows thick enough to compete with weeds

 More drought resistant than other turf grasses

 

       Disadvantages Include:

Prolific seed production during growing seasons

Course texture

Not suitable for high shade areas

Goes dormant during winter months

 

 Saint Augustine

 Saint Augustine is a warm season lawn grass that is popular for use in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It is a fairly high maintenance grass that forms a thick, carpet-like lawn, crowding out most weeds and other grasses. It is a dark green grass with broad, flat blades. Saint Augustine is used primarily for lawns and does not tolerate high traffic as well as other turf grasses. After being established, Saint Augustine depends largely on management. Mowing, fertilization and supplemental watering are required to maintain a dense, green, weed-free turf. Common pests include chinch bugs, army worms, grubs, and web worms. Consistent and proper pest control regimens are required to maintain a healthy lawn. Common diseases include brown patch, gray leaf spot, rust, downy mildew, and many others. Most are caused by fungi and can be controlled with good management and fungicides.

 

Advantages Include:

High shade tolerance

High heat tolerance

 

Disadvantages Include:

 Low cold tolerance

High maintenance

Insect prone

 

Zoysia

Zoysia grass is grown successfully from the upper North to even in some areas of the cool seasons zones, depending on variety. Zoysia grass, when properly maintained makes a beautiful lawn with a fine to medium textured leaf.

 

 

Advantages Include:

Adapts to a variety of soils

Tolerant to shade, salt and traffic

Dense

Slow growth results in reduced need to mow

 

Disadvantages Include:

Slow to establish

Heavy thatch which requires periodic renovation

Poor drought tolerance

Prone to damage from nematodes and other diseases

Shallow root system  

 

Bermuda

Bermuda is one of the most sun loving warm season lawn and pasture grasses. Bermuda requires a moderate amount of lawn grass care, maintenance and mowing. Sodded areas should be water two or more times each day with 1/4in. of water until it is established (it not longer picks up when you pull on it.) Bermuda is also good for moderate traffic areas of the lawn.

Advantages Include:

Grows best in full sun

Medium to fine texture

Grows vigorously

Establishes rapidly and is able to out compete most weed species

 

Disadvantages Include:

Requires HIGH maintenance

Poor tolerance to insects, dieases and nematodes

Grows rapidly and can quickly overcome flower and landscape beds

Aggressive growth promotes thatch build up

Centipede  

 Centipede is a low, medium textured, slow growing, but aggressive grass that can produce a dense, attractive, weed-free yard. It is more shade tolerant than Saint Augustine and Zoysia grass. In general, centipede grass is a low-maintenance grass that tends to grow best in acidic soils of the regions it is commonly found.

 

Advantages Include:

Grows well in full sun

Generally a low maintenance grass

Can tolerate moderate amounts of shade

 

Disadvantages Include:

Generally turns brown in hot and dry weather and goes dormant in the winter

Slow growth rate

Not a durable grass